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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:'Binnelandse Reise' (Journeys to the Interior): Photographs From the Carnegie Commission of Investigation Into the Poor White Problem, 1929/1932
Author:Du Toit, Marijke
Year:2006
Periodical:Kronos: Journal of Cape History
Issue:32
Pages:49-76
Language:English
Geographic term:South Africa
Subjects:photography
Whites
poverty
social research
racism
1930-1939
History and Exploration
Economics and Trade
Ethnic and Race Relations
Peoples of Africa (Ethnic Groups)
About person:Ernst Gideon Malherbe (1895-)ISNI
Abstract:The Carnegie Commission of Investigation into the Poor White Problem wanted to study the poor whites in their natural habitats. Having published its findings in 1932, the Commission was the first project of South African social science that attempted to enumerate, describe and explain the nature of 'white' poverty. It was also the first South African commission of enquiry to present photographs as well as written text. It was E.G. Malherbe who contributed this visual evidential record. Malherbe's arguments are important for the understanding of public discourse on race and poverty in the 1930s. The present author explores ways of researching and writing about Malherbe's photographs as historical documents. She first reads the pictures together with images of poor 'white' people from different early 20th-century South African circuits of photography. She then discusses how Malherbe's pictures were put to work as part of the report. She does so as part of a larger effort to investigate how raced subjectivities were articulated within the South African visual economy, and how cameras were used as part of conceptualizing, explaining and responding to poverty. Notes, ref. [ASC Leiden abstract]
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