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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Terrorism, Counter-Terrorism and Norms in Africa
Author:Makinda, Samuel M.
Periodical:African Security Review
Geographic term:Africa
national security
human security
Military, Defense and Arms
Law, Human Rights and Violence
Abstract:The argument in this article is based on two hypotheses. The first is that terrorist activities and some of the recent counter-terrorism measures have undermined the norms, rules and institutions in which African security is embedded. Unless counter-terrorism measures are planned and executed carefully, they can have the same effect as terrorism on norms, rules and institutions. The second hypothesis is that safeguarding the security of African States and peoples requires policies that undercut the bases of terrorism and, at the same time, enhance norms, rules and institutions. In other words, the so-called war on terror should not be seen simply as a technical, management or military issue, but as a set of political, social and economic initiatives that minimize the conditions that give rise to terrorism while maximizing those that strengthen norms, rules and institutions. The article furthers argues that security ought to be viewed as people-centred and that the distinction between 'security' and 'human security' is unsustainable. A counter-terrorism model is proposed which is based on four pillars: the traditional approach, institutions, development and social justice. Notes, ref., sum. [ASC Leiden abstract]