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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Counter-Terrorism in the Horn of Africa: New Security Frontiers, Old Strategies
Author:Kagwanja, PeterISNI
Periodical:African Security Review
Geographic term:Northeast Africa
international politics
Military, Defense and Arms
Politics and Government
Inter-African Relations
international relations
External link:https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/10246029.2006.9627608
Abstract:The US-led 'war on terror' dramatically changed America's security strategy towards Africa. But more fundamentally, it threw the Horn of Africa on the centre stage of global counter-terrorism. A double-edged blade, counter-terrorism has at once catalyzed peace processes and intensified insecurity, with Islamic radicalism - amongst others in Sudan, Somalia, and East Africa - at the core of the regional storm. Governments utilized the threat of terrorism for political ends, defending old security paradigms that prioritized regime stability over human security. Africa integrated counter-terrorism into its emerging security agenda, but insufficient funds, operational constraints and poor coordination with international initiatives have hampered meaningful progress. Washington launched a robust counter-terrorist campaign, but its high-handed military-heavy style put fragile democracies at risk while lapses in its overall policy risk triggering proxy wars. This essay examines the impact of counter-terrorism on security in the Horn of Africa. It argues for stronger coordination between national, regional and international initiatives to curb international terrorism. Notes, ref., sum. [Journal abstract]