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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Internal Displacement and Social Marginalisation in Southern Africa
Author:Rodgers, Graeme
Geographic term:Southern Africa
social inequality
human rights
Urbanization and Migration
Development and Technology
Politics and Government
Miscellaneous (i.e. Demography, Refugees, Sports)
Abstract:The problem of internal displacement raises questions over how international responses to this phenomenon may accommodate diverse regional experiences. In the post-Cold War, postapartheid era, southern Africa currently appears to be well positioned to address the long-standing negative effects of large-scale internal displacement, certain exceptions notwithstanding. This article starts with a brief consideration of the 'Guiding Principles on Internal Displacement', presented to the UN Secretary-General in 1998. It then shows how, in practice, the link between development-induced displacement and the violation of human rights may be more socially complex than a simple cause and effect, especially when considered in the longer term. This is done on the basis of a review of some of the more prominent forms of forced resettlement in southern Africa: villlagization, large dams, mining-induced displacement, conservation-induced displacement, and urban renewal schemes. The review suggests that displaced populations in southern Africa remain at risk of being propelled into long-term processes of marginalization. The experience of displacement may also entrench risks of future displacement, which are sometimes realized in the name of 'development'. Bibliogr., notes, ref., sum. [ASC Leiden abstract]