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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:The South Sudan Defence Force: Patriots, Collaborators or Spoilers?
Author:Arnold, Matthew B.
Periodical:Journal of Modern African Studies
Geographic terms:Sudan
South Sudan
Military, Defense and Arms
Politics and Government
External link:http://ejournals.ebsco.com/direct.asp?ArticleID=4E0DB58489B87DC46BEF
Abstract:Despite stipulations in the Sudan's 2005 Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) that all 'other armed groups' be demobilized by January 2006, the South Sudan Defence Force (SSDF), an amalgamation of militias, continued to maintain a significant armed presence in South Sudan. This paper analyses the dynamics of the organization - its origins, operational mode, motivations, financial and commercial interests, identity politics, and relationships with external actors. Focusing on the SSDF units in two states, Upper Nile and Jonglei, during the period from January to August 2006, the paper examines the impact of the ongoing presence of the SSDF on the security situation and reconstruction efforts as well as attempts by the government of South Sudan to counteract the SSDF. It argues that the strategies implemented by the government to counter the SSDF were fairly successful in that there was no major return to conflict. However, it concludes that the SSDF's continued presence, while hindered, has the potential to spark a return to civil war. Bibliogr., notes, ref., sum. [Journal abstract]