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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Intra-Rural Fertility Determinants in Zimbabwe: A Path Analysis
Author:Gwebu, Thando D.ISNI
Periodical:African Population Studies
Geographic term:Zimbabwe
rural areas
Women's Issues
Health and Nutrition
Miscellaneous (i.e. Demography, Refugees, Sports)
Fertility and Infertility
Health, Nutrition, and Medicine
Abstract:Studies on spatial fertility differentials in sub-Saharan Africa normally treat the rural sector as a single and uniform geographical unity. This approach, unfortunately, tends to mask differences which may exist between components of the rural sector. The present study, which is based on both quantitative analyses and participatory methodologies, stratifies one rural district in southwestern Zimbabwe into communal lands and resettlement schemes in order to investigate the fertility differentials at the intra-rural level. The working hypothesis is that because the respective rural subareas differ in their levels of socioeconomic development, the relative impacts of the determinants of fertility should reflect these differences. Data on fertility patterns and their correlates were extracted from 1542 married mothers, within the age range of 15-49. Of this total, 832 were from the resettlement areas and 710 from communal lands. The results of the study confirmed that fertility in the resettlement areas is higher than that in the communal lands. The study used path analysis, which is considered appropriate for investigating the direct and indirect causes of fertility differentials. It shows that direct and indirect effects of fertility determinants do not always operate uniformly in the two rural subsectors. Bibliogr., notes, sum. [Journal abstract]