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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Oil and security in Nigeria: the Niger Delta crisis
Authors:Owolabi, OlayiwolaISNI
Okwechime, IwebunorISNI
Periodical:Africa Development: A Quarterly Journal of CODESRIA (ISSN 0850-3907)
Notes:biblio. refs.
Geographic terms:Nigeria
West Africa
Subjects:national security
human security
hydrocarbon policy
Delta State (Nigeria)--Politics and government
Conflict management
Internal security
Delta State (Nigeria)--Social conditions
Abstract:This paper examines oil and security in Nigeria, with special reference to the crisis-ravaged Niger Delta. Its focus on the Niger Delta and its festering crisis stems from that region's critical importance to Nigeria. As the nation's treasure base, the Niger Delta provides over 80 percent of government revenues, 95 percent of export receipts, and 90 percent of foreign exchange earnings. Also, the bulk of Nigeria's biodiversity and some of its best human resources are derived from the Niger Delta. This paper posits that beyond the well-known threats to the security of the Nigerian State, the lingering crisis in the country's oil-producing areas is a grave threat to human security in that region. Since poverty, environment and food security are key to national security, the ruthless exploitation and destruction of the natural environment upon which the inhabitants of the Niger Delta depend for their livelihood pose a major threat to human security in the region and, by implication, to the Nigerian State. The paper suggests that to resolve the crisis, government policy on petroleum should be more inclusive, taking into consideration the peculiar problems and needs of the oil-producing areas, as well as those of the Nigerian State and the oil industry itself. Bibliogr., sum. in English and French. [Journal abstract]