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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:From Tailors to Mini-Manufacturers: The Role of Traders in the Performance of Garment Enterprises in Kenya
Authors:Akoten, John E.ISNI
Otsuka, KeijiroISNI
Periodical:Journal of African Economies
Geographic term:Kenya
Subjects:clothing industry
small enterprises
industrial organization
Development and Technology
Economics and Trade
External link:https://jae.oxfordjournals.org/content/16/4/564.full.pdf
Abstract:Industrial clusters are believed to play a significant role in the promotion and development of small enterprises. One channel through which industrial clusters enhance enterprise performance is by reducing transaction costs in marketing through traders. Using survey data on clustered micro and small garment producers in Nairobi, Kenya, this article demonstrates, through a series of regression analyses that take into account endogeneity problem, that tailors, who are family-based shop operators in three industrial clusters in Nairobi, are less likely to use outside workshops to produce standardized garment products and have a lower employment growth rate than mini-manufacturers, who operate factory-like workshops outside the cluster. It is also shown that the well-educated and highly socially networked tailors who are capable of producing a certain product quality standard are likely to link up with traders to become mini manufacturers over time. This suggests that transactions with traders enable mini manufacturers to outperform tailors, thereby contributing to the transformation of the mode of industrial production in developing economies. Bibliogr., notes, ref., sum. [Journal abstract]