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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Risk and Schooling Decisions in Rural Madagascar: A Panel Data-Analysis
Authors:Gubert, Flore
Robilliard, Anne-Sophie
Year:2008
Periodical:Journal of African Economies
Volume:17
Issue:2
Period:March
Pages:207-238
Language:English
Geographic term:Madagascar
Subjects:child labour
schooling
household income
risk
rural households
Development and Technology
Economics and Trade
Education and Oral Traditions
Link:http://jae.oxfordjournals.org/content/17/2/207.full.pdf
Abstract:Most households in rural Madagascar are engaged in agriculture and derive a large share of their income from the production of food or cash crops and from animal husbandry. However, agricultural yields can be extremely volatile due to weather conditions, pests, insects, rodents and other calamities. As a result, households record large fluctuations in their incomes that must be dealt with. Since the usual consumption-smoothing market mechanisms are quite limited in the Malagasy context, households need to rely on non-market mechanisms or to adopt multi-faceted strategies to cope with risk. In this paper, the authors examine the possibility that parents obtain informal income insurance by letting their children work. They test this hypothesis by examining the relationship between household income shocks and human capital investment in children. In particular, they investigate whether children's propensity to join school and to drop out of school responds to transient shocks. They also investigate issues such as gender and intrahousehold resource allocation. Bibliogr., notes, ref., sum. [Journal abstract]
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