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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:New palaeozoogeographical evidence for the settlement of Madagascar
Author:Blench, RogerISNI
Year:2007
Periodical:Azania: Archaeological Research in Africa (ISSN 1945-5534)
Volume:42
Pages:69-82
Language:English
Notes:biblio. refs., maps
Geographic terms:Madagascar
Indian Ocean islands
Subjects:archaeology
prehistory
immigration
culture contact
History, Archaeology
Madagascar--History
Paleontology
External link:https://doi.org/10.1080/00672700709480451
Abstract:Archaeology in Madagascar has so far uncovered no site earlier than the 5th century AD. It is generally assumed that the early sites represent primary incursions by trans-oceanic populations from insular South East Asia, and that markedly 'African' features of Malagasy culture, such as ruminant keeping, were a consequence of subsequent trade or other contacts with the African mainland. But recent evidence for the palaeozoogeography of Madagascar together with vegetational change and the identification of cutmarks on numerous bones of extinct species all point to the presence of low-density hunter-gatherers from c. 400-300 BC onwards. Anthropic rat introductions also suggest outside contact prior to established Austronesian settlement. This paper reviews the evidence from palaeozoogeography and its implications for the early settlement of the island. The argument is that a fresh model of the peopling of Madagascar and early trade and migration on the East African coast must be developed. Bibliogr., notes, ref. [ASC Leiden abstract]
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