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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:New international frameworks for the protection of underwater cultural heritage in the western Indian Ocean
Author:Lane, Paul J.ISNI
Periodical:Azania: Archaeological Research in Africa (ISSN 1945-5534)
Notes:biblio. refs., maps
Geographic terms:East Africa
Indian Ocean
Indian Ocean islands
Subjects:conservation of cultural heritage
international law of the sea
international agreements
History, Archaeology
Cultural property--Protection
Underwater archaeology
External link:https://doi.org/10.1080/00672700709480453
Abstract:In sub-Saharan Africa, except in South Africa, underwater, let alone maritime, archaeology is in its infancy. East Africa and the western Indian Ocean (WIO) are a case in point. The neglect of this region's underwater cultural heritage (UCH) has allowed treasure hunters to have virtual free rein over coastal seas and international waters in the region. None of the WIO States explicitly mention UCH in their existing national antiquities and archaeological legislation. This article highlights the nature of this problem and summarizes the characteristics - including strengths and weaknesses - of the main international conventions that can potentially be used to provide some measure of protection to UCH in the WIO region. These are the 1982 United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS), and the UNESCO 2001 Convention on the Protection of Underwater Cultural Heritage (CPUCH). Bibliogr., notes, ref. [ASC Leiden abstract]