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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:The Determinants of Labour Supply and Demand in Irrigated Agriculture: A Case Study of the Gezira Scheme in Sudan
Authors:Babikir, Osman M.
Babiker, Babiker I.
Periodical:African Development Review
Geographic term:Sudan
Subjects:agricultural projects
supply and demand
Agriculture, Natural Resources and the Environment
Development and Technology
Labor and Employment
Economics and Trade
Abstract:The objective of this study was to estimate the determinants of labour supply and demand in irrigated agriculture with reference to the Gezira Scheme in Sudan. Two samples, one comprising the tenant farmers and the other the agricultural workers, were randomly selected through a field survey during the 2003/2004 season. A log-linear model of multiple regressions was fitted to the data. The results indicated that labour demand depends on variables related to household characteristics (household size, education and number of prime persons), wage levels, to changes in output market conditions and technical change as proxied by capital expenses. Total labour supply is primarily determined by social and demographic constraints (education and number of prime persons), wage levels, cultivated area, distance from town (proxy for off-farm jobs), sharecropping effect and ethnicity. Bibliogr., sum. [Journal abstract, edited]