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Title:Farmers' Variety Attribute Preferences: Implications for Breeding Priority Setting and Agricultural Extension Policy in Ethiopia
Authors:Wale, Edilegnaw
Yalew, AsmareISNI
Periodical:African Development Review
Geographic term:Ethiopia
Subjects:agricultural extension
agricultural technology
Agriculture, Natural Resources and the Environment
Development and Technology
External link:https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1467-8268.2007.00167.x/pdf
Abstract:Technological progress in Ethiopian agriculture is the slowest by any standard, with rather very poor capacity to address the nation's problems of low agricultural productivity, poverty, and resource degradation. This paper attributes the low level of technology adoption and impact to the discrepancy between the farmers' needs and the attributes of the technologies generated. The empirical evidence has been generated on the basis of analyses of coffee farmers' variety attribute preferences, taking coffee seedlings as production technologies. Attribute preferences of smallholder farmers are governed by their contextual household characteristics, institutional, and socioeconomic factors. According to the results, risk vulnerable farmers prefer seeds adaptable to their local conditions and varieties with stable yield attribute. On the contrary, farmers in more accessible areas and/or those who are less concerned with securing subsistence income levels opt for income maximizing attributes, namely, yield and marketability. The study results also show the mechanisms of how farmers' attribute preferences change with development-oriented interventions. The paper demonstrates why and how policymakers should formulate context specific technology development and agricultural extension strategies. Bibliogr., notes, ref., sum. [Journal abstract]