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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:'Isto foi Sempre Assim': The Politics of Land and Human Mobility in Chimanimani, Central Mozambique
Author:Tornimbeni, CorradoISNI
Periodical:Journal of Southern African Studies
Geographic term:Mozambique
Subjects:rural population
local government
traditional rulers
land reform
national parks and reserves
Urbanization and Migration
Development and Technology
Politics and Government
History and Exploration
Law, Human Rights and Violence
Agriculture, Natural Resources and the Environment
Economics and Trade
Peoples of Africa (Ethnic Groups)
External link:https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/pdf/10.1080/03057070701475260
Abstract:Based on recent fieldwork inside the Trans-Frontier Conservation Area (TFCA) of Chimanimani in Sussundenga District, Mozambique, this article tries to make sense of apparently contradictory dynamics in two rural communities of the northern Mozambican side of the TFCA. On the one hand, African traditional authorities are favouring immigration in the territories under their influence, while, on the other, the same authorities are agreeing with their communities to adopt controls on people's identity and movements of the kind reminiscent of colonial passes or Frelimo's 'guias de marcha'. The article interprets this contradiction by placing current social processes in a historical perspective and by examining the impact of recent government reforms, particularly decentralization, a new land law and new approaches to natural resource management. The article argues that in the context of the opportunities and challenges introduced by these policies, particularly traditional authorities' responsibilities for tax collection and notions of territorially bounded rural community, Chimanimani traditional authorities are making use of old and new instruments - community borders and 'guias' - to preserve particular individual and group interests. Notes, ref., sum. [Journal abstract]