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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:On Student Access and Equity in a Reforming University: Makerere in the 1990s and Beyond
Authors:Kwesiga, Joy C.
Ahikire, Josephine
Year:2006
Periodical:Journal of Higher Education in Africa (ISSN 0851-7762)
Volume:4
Issue:2
Pages:1-46
Language:English
Notes:biblio. refs.
Geographic terms:Uganda
East Africa
Subjects:universities
higher education
access to education
educational policy
History and Exploration
Education and Oral Traditions
Politics and Government
education
Educational equalization
Educational change
Link:https://www.jstor.org/stable/24486258
Abstract:This paper examines issues of access and equity in the context of the far-ranging reforms that have been taking place at Makerere University and in the Ugandan higher education system generally since the early 1990s. The analysis maps out the contours of student access over time, outlining the major fault lines in student diversities which include, among others, location, class and gender, as well as the State (university) response to these diversities in the context of market based reforms. The authors argue that key to the reform programme was a reduction in the State's financial commitment in higher education and the implementation of alternative financial strategies, especially relating to the introduction of the private sponsorship programme in 1992. Private sponsorship greatly expanded the intake of fee-paying students, and the total number of students in higher education in Uganda has expanded enormously. However, these apparent gains in terms of access to higher education have been offset by lack of necessary investment in facilities, with resulting problems of over-crowding, excessive teaching loads, large classes and falling standards. The analysis also interrogates the ways in which government/private dynamic plays out in the context of a highly fractured education system, dominated by urban-based schools, particularly located in the south of the country, and how the various affirmative action measures have, in a way, reproduced social and class privilege. App., bibliogr., notes, sum. in English and French. [Journal abstract]
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