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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:The abolition of female circumcision in Eritrea: inadequacies of new legislation
Author:Mekonnen, Daniel R.ISNI
Periodical:African Human Rights Law Journal
Geographic term:Eritrea
women's rights
female circumcision
Abstract:Female circumcision is one of the most prevalent forms of violence against women in Eritrea. In an effort to tackle the challenges of this harmful traditional practice, a growing international awareness has emerged in the last few decades, resulting in the adoption of conventions and declarations at the international level, and policies and legislation at the national level. Eritrea has recently (2007) adopted legislation banning female circumcision, joining the ranks of a few African countries which have adopted similar mechanisms. This paper discusses the shortcomings of the new legislation and the overall strategy of the Eritrean government in the eradication of female circimcision. It is submitted that, in countries such as Eritrea, where female circumcision is culturally deeply rooted, outright criminalization without effective accompanying mechanisms is not always advisable. Female circumcision can only be eradicated by a multidimensional approach. Such an approach must encompass meaningful and comprehensive education and campaign programmes, the involvement of independent democratic institutions and processes, as well as community and civil society engagement, all of which are vitally important in the eradication of female circumcision. Notes, ref., sum. [Journal abstract]