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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Decomposing poverty changes in Zambia: growth, inequality and population dynamics
Authors:Mulenga, Shula
Van Campenhout, BjornISNI
Periodical:African Development Review
Geographic term:Zambia
internal migration
rural-urban disparity
structural adjustment
External link:https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1467-8268.2008.00186.x/pdf
Abstract:During the 1990s, the Zambian economy underwent major structural adjustments. This paper presents an application of a recently proposed poverty decomposition that attributes changes in poverty to income growth, changes in inequality and population dynamics. The results confirm earlier findings that the existence of a severe urban bias in the economy effectively shielded large parts of the rural population from the economic slump caused by the structural adjustments. In addition, the authors find that the exodus from urban centres that followed the adjustments contributed significantly to the increase in national poverty. The latter finding highlights the importance of considering population movements when studying poverty, especially in situations where policy changes affect migrant labour, as was the case for the Zambian copper industry. Bibliogr., notes, ref., sum. [Journal abstract]