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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Cabo Verde: Gulag of the South Atlantic: Racism, Fishing Prohibitions, and Famines
Author:Brooks, George E.ISNI
Periodical:History in Africa
Geographic term:Cape Verde
Subjects:colonial economy
environmental degradation
Ethnic and Race Relations
History and Exploration
Politics and Government
Law, Human Rights and Violence
External link:http://muse.jhu.edu/journals/history_in_africa/v033/33.1brooks.pdf
Abstract:The two streams of the Canary Current flowing past the Cape Verde archipelago nourish some of the richest marine resources on the globe. Yet, for centuries Portuguese colonial officials leagued with plantation owners to prohibit Cabo Verdeans from owning fishing craft and other vessels to prevent the escape of slaves, mutinous soldiers, exiled criminals, and political deportees. Denied the bounty of the sea and afflicted by multi-year droughts, tens of thousands of destitute people perished during the famines. This made Cabo Verde a gulag during Portuguese rule. This article traces the history of Cabo Verde since the 15th century, focusing on the exploitation of the archipelago's fragile ecosystems by the Portuguese and the toll of environmental degradation. Notes, ref. [ASC Leiden abstract]