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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Influences on wildlife management and conservation biology in South Africa c. 1900 to c. 1940
Author:Carruthers, JaneISNI
Periodical:South African Historical Journal
Geographic term:South Africa
Subjects:wildlife protection
natural sciences
External link:https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/02582470709464745
Abstract:This article explores the genesis, in the period 1900 to 1940, of a cluster of related disciplines that are referred to today as 'conservation biology'. It has particular reference to a subcluster comprising wildlife management, wildlife ecology, animal behaviour and behavioural ecology as practised in South Africa. At the beginning of the 20th century, when game reserves were instituted by the State, they were not subject to any scientific paradigm. Within seven decades, however, the protection and management of South Africa's natural environment went from a position of little importance to general acceptance as a valid branch of science in South Africa. The paper discusses some of the influences on this transformation before World War II, paying attention to museums, game reserves, wildlife protection societies, field naturalists' clubs, the evolution of South African wildlife ecology, the opposition of veterinary scientists to national parks because of the belief that animal diseases were spread by free-ranging wildlife, and the emergence of new disciplines such as ecological botany and animal ecology. Notes, ref. [ASC Leiden abstract]