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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:The Concept and Process of Rural Development in Nigeria: A Revisitation
Author:Nnadozie, Uche O.
Year:2007
Periodical:Lagos Historical Review
Volume:7
Pages:21-34
Language:English
Geographic term:Nigeria
Subjects:rural development
economic theories
capitalism
Marxism
History and Exploration
Agriculture, Natural Resources and the Environment
Development and Technology
colonialism
Abstract:Why have rural dwellers in Nigeria continued to live in poverty, in spite of the huge amounts of money spent on the development of Nigeria's rural areas? In order to answer this question, the present paper first looks at the concept and political economy of rural development, examining the paradigms of the liberal or bourgeois tradition and the Marxist or radical perspective. The bourgeois paradigm assigns a central role in development to capital and physical structures. The author argues, however, that capital is neither the only important thing nor the most important factor in human development. He favours the Marxist concept of development, which takes man as the centre of development. Furthermore, he argues, the Nigerian State and economy are products of the Western colonial order. Within this capitalist political economy and as a neocapitalist State, Nigeria is essentially an adjunct of the international capitalist order. The adoption of a faulty conceptional framework to guide the developmental process in Nigeria has underdeveloped rather than developed the country. Any serious attempt at rural development must focus on the communities and allow them to participate in the articulation of their needs and in the development process itself. Ref., sum. [ASC Leiden abstract]
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