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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Multiple determinants of milk production in Africa: the example of the diversity of dairy farming systems in the Mbarara area (Uganda)
Authors:Alary, VéroniqueISNI
Chalimbaud, Julien
Faye, BernardISNI
Periodical:Africa Development: A Quarterly Journal of CODESRIA (ISSN 0850-3907)
Notes:biblio. refs., maps
Geographic terms:Uganda
East Africa
Subjects:dairy farms
farming systems
Agriculture, Agronomy, Forestry
Milk yield
Dairy farming
Mbarara District (Uganda)
External link:https://www.jstor.org/stable/afrdevafrdev.32.2.156
Abstract:In developing countries, the supply of animal products presents a major challenge to meeting the demand in the next two decades. Many researchers point out the necessity for a 'reasoned intensification', especially in agricultural areas, by integrating agriculture and livestock activities. But intensification only occurs on specific farms. How can the difference in dairy developments or technical options between farms be explained? An analysis of the diversity of dairy farming systems in Mbarara district (Uganda) was conducted on the basis of a monthly cross-sectional survey of a sample of 22 farmers, selected from a large household survey (183 dairy producers). A multitable factorial analysis allows a thorough review of the interactions and points out some causal relationships between the development of the dairy systems and the social and technical management of the whole farm. The analysis underlines the key factors of intensification such as genetic improvement or market opportunities; but also the degree of intensification which is correlated to the stage of family development. If livestock may reinforce different functions (security, consumption, cash flow) according to farm type, the results show that all these functions exist for all the farm types, either in the pastoral or agricultural areas. These results question the stereotypes with respect to the different livestock systems in Africa. Bibliogr., notes, ref., sum. in English and French. [Journal abstract]