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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Ethnicity and political crisis in Côte d'Ivoire
Author:Groves, Ralph
Periodical:South African Journal of International Affairs
Geographic term:Ivory Coast - Côte d'Ivoire
political stability
Abstract:Côte d'Ivoire's severe political problems - the 1999 coup, the 2002 rebellion, and the ongoing impasse between the government, dominated by southern ethnic groups, and the rebels, dominated by northern ones - have their basis in the immigration policies of decades ago, continual demographic changes, and recent economic decline. The country's fundamental problem is its lack of an indigenous central culture and a shared national Ivoirian identity. The four main regional civilizations, and their attendant ethnic groups and cultures, were held together only by French colonialism and subsequently by the unifying influence of founding president Houphouët-Boigny. A suggested long-term solution for future mediation would be the institution of a decentralized federal system with local autonomy for the north, which would accommodate the de facto division of the country, a situation that is likely to remain indefinitely. Notes, ref. [ASC Leiden abstract]