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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Reflections on illegal immigration in Botswana and South Africa
Author:Campbell, Eugene K.ISNI
Periodical:African Population Studies
Geographic terms:Botswana
South Africa
labour migration
immigration policy
Abstract:Illegal labour immigration is increasingly a source of concern to politicians and the public in relatively rich countries within the Southern African Development Community (SADC). This paper examines the status of illegal immigration in Botswana and South Africa. It discusses the definition of illegal immigration, drawing extensively from similar experiences in the United States of America and other Sub-Saharan African countries. The major hosts of illegal immigration are South Africa, Botswana and Namibia. Primary sources are Mozambique and Zimbabwe. Huge economic disparities between Southern African States are largely responsible for illegal movements in the region. Apprehension and deportation of illegal immigrants are actively pursued in Botswana and South Africa. An effective method of border control in the past was the erection of electrified fence along parts of the South African borders. Some immigration policies are noted and proposals are made for implementation of measures that would assist in controlling illegal immigration in southern Africa. Bibliogr., sum. [Journal abstract]