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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Civil-military relations and human security in South Africa
Author:Ferreira, R.ISNI
Periodical:Politeia: Journal for Political Science and Public Administration
Geographic term:South Africa
Subjects:civil-military relations
human security
defence policy
armed forces
Abstract:In line with the characteristics of the C.C. Moskos (2000) paradigm of postmodern militaries, the South African National Defence Force (SANDF) was democratized during the early 1990s, which changed its civil-military relations from an autocratic top-down structure to a participatory system with civilian input. A civilian Defence Secretariat was instituted in 1995 and defence policies were democratized with the aim of obtaining civil control and parliamentary oversight of the military. The national concept of security was redefined, with the major focus on human security in conjunction with State security. Human security principles were found at all levels of defence and national policies (e.g. the South African Constitution, the Defence White Paper and the Defence Review). Consequently, new humanitarian missions, such as peacekeeping, were embarked upon in a no-threat South African scenario. This paper focuses on the new civil-military relationship in a postmodern South African military, based mainly on human security principles. Bibliogr., sum. [Journal abstract]