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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Political landscaping: land registration, the definition of ownership and the evolution of colonial objectives in the Anglo-Egyptian Sudan, 1899-1924
Author:Serels, StevenISNI
Periodical:African Economic History
Geographic term:Sudan
land registration
colonial policy
External link:https://www.jstor.org/stable/25427034
Abstract:In 1899, Lord Kitchener, the first Governor-General of the Anglo-Egyptian Sudan, sent a memorandum to the colony's recently appointed Provincial Governors outlining the newly created government's first policy strategy. Kitchener crafted land tenure registration procedures as a strategy for cultivating alliances with indigenous elites. As such, he sought to embed his structure of colonial rule into the Sudan's physical landscape. But his plan was only partially implemented. In 1904, Reginald Wingate, the second Governor-General of the Sudan, re-crafted land tenure registration procedures and redefined property rights. While Kitchener sought to promote the interests of indigenous elites, Wingate sought to promote those of foreign capital. But the interests of the sources of foreign capital were unstable, and as these interests changed, so did the colonial definition of property rights. In the end, though the land registration work undertaken during the first decades of colonial rule appeared to have produced a regular set of titles and contracts that rationally depict land ownership within the colony, in fact it produced a colonial landscape irregularly embedded with radically differing political objectives. Notes, ref. [ASC Leiden abstract]