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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Memories as weapons: the politics of peace and silence in post-civil war Mozambique
Author:Igreja, VictorISNI
Year:2008
Periodical:Journal of Southern African Studies
Volume:34
Issue:3
Pages:539-556
Language:English
Geographic term:Mozambique
Subjects:civil wars
memory
political attitudes
political conflicts
Frelimo
Renamo
peace
Link:https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/pdf/10.1080/03057070802259720
Abstract:Political and legal debates over the value of official silence in the aftermath of civil wars are inconclusive. On the one hand, official silence is considered disrespectful to the memory of the victims and an impediment to establishing a culture of accountability and respect for human rights. On the other hand, silence is regarded as instrumental to achieving peace. Yet, longitudinal analysis of the dynamics of official silence in Mozambique demonstrates that, in this post-conflict country, as in others, silence has not in fact been achieved. Official silence in politically pluralistic environs can also offer opportunities for political elites to use memories as weapons to settle accounts with former wartime foes. In post-civil war Mozambique, Frelimo and Renamo over time have moved away from the initial strategy of official quiescence. Both parties appropriated the official silence to wage fierce political battles where memories of the violent past are used as the principal weapon. The interruption of silence through manipulative appropriations of the grisly past take place in dispersed political activities; however, the most confrontational and violent eruptions of memory occur in the Mozambican national parliament. These political confrontations signal the necessity in this politically pluralistic society for complex readings of memory against the prevailing monolithic official history. Notes, ref., sum. [Journal abstract]
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