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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Beyond the metropolis: small town case studies of urban and peri-urban agriculture in South Africa
Author:Thornton, Alexander
Periodical:Urban Forum
Geographic term:South Africa
Subjects:urban agriculture
household income
small towns
External link:https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s12132-008-9036-7
Abstract:It is widely accepted that urban and peri-urban agriculture (UPA) is an important livelihood or coping strategy amongst the poorest urban households for food security and income generation in developing countries. In South Africa, UPA has been promoted in the post-apartheid era as a strategy for poverty alleviation in several key policy documents. However, despite high unemployment, some academics have raised the issue that UPA might be less robust amongst South Africa's urban poor households, when compared to other developing countries. This paper presents results from case studies exploring the nature and geographical extent of UPA in two small towns - Grahamstown, a former racially zoned 'white town', and Peddie, a 'black town' in the former Ciskei homeland - in one of South Africa's poorest provinces, the Eastern Cape. One of the key results is that the social welfare scheme has, effectively, emerged as the primary contributor to household income and food security. Consequently, UPA does not play a major role in food security for most UPA households. This paper discusses these results and reflects on the bearing of UPA as a tool for poverty alleviation in South Africa. Bibliogr., sum. [Journal abstract]