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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:In the name of sovereignty: displacement and State making in post-independence Zimbabwe
Author:Hammar, AmandaISNI
Periodical:Journal of Contemporary African Studies
Geographic term:Zimbabwe
Subjects:State formation
political violence
displaced persons
Abstract:This article argues that State-induced displacements are not aberrations, but rather an ever-present possibility and practice integral to contemporary as well as past modes of rule and State making. States and their allies make discursive use of notions of sovereignty to legitimize violence and displacement against selective citizens in the service of different projects at multiple scales. Such practices are themselves a means of producing and performing sovereignty, in G. Agamben's (1998) terms. Three cases from postindependence Zimbabwe are used to provide some evidence and insight into more general patterns linking displacement, sovereignty and State making. They include the violent eviction of a group of small-scale migrant farmers in the northwest agrarian margins in the late 1990s, the invasions and evictions occurring on large-scale commercial farms from 2000 onwards as part of the State-driven radical land reform programme, and the military-style campaign of mass urban demolitions and evictions, called Operation Murambatsvina, undertaken in 2005 and 2006. Bibliogr., notes, ref., sum. [Journal abstract]