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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Remembering the destruction of Muoroto: slum demolitions, land and democratisation in Kenya
Author:Klopp, Jacqueline M.
Periodical:African Studies
Geographic term:Kenya
Subjects:informal settlements
urban planning
land conflicts
government policy
External link:https://doi.org/10.1080/00020180802504866
Abstract:The author suggests that members of the ruling clique within the Kenya African National Union (KANU) intensified slum demolitions in the 1990s for two interrelated reasons. First, slum clearance, as in colonial times, was a means of keeping in check urban popular dissent. In the 1990s, this dissent was linked to support for multipartyism. Second, reflecting the inextricability of land and the exercise of power in Kenya, slum clearance was a way to punish insubordination by withdrawing access to land and, conversely, a way to reward loyalty by reallocating vacated land to political supporters. To illustrate the interconnections between slum demolition, urban land and the politics of democratization in Kenya, the author examines the slum demolition of Muoroto village in Nairobi in 1990. Bibliogr., notes, ref. [ASC Leiden abstract]