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Title:Wildlife management in Zimbabwe: evidence from a contingent valuation study
Authors:Muchapondwa, EdwinISNI
Carlsson, FredrikISNI
Köhlin, GunnarISNI
Periodical:South African Journal of Economics
Geographic term:Zimbabwe
cost-benefit analysis
wildlife protection
community participation
Abstract:If communities living adjacent to the elephant see it as a burden, then they cannot be its stewards. The authors estimate the willingness of rural communities in Zimbabwe who live adjacent to a designated game reserve to pay for the preservation of a sub-population of the African elephant (Loxodonta africana), taking into account the reality that some people consider it a public good while others consider it a public bad. To assess people's valuation of it, a contingent valuation method study was conducted for one CAMPFIRE district, Mudzi. Respondents were classified according to their preferences vis-à-vis the elephant. The median willingness to pay for the preservation of 200 elephants is 260 Zimbabwe dollars (4.73 US dollars) for respondents who considered the elephant a public good and 137 Zimbabwe dollars (2.49 US dollars) for those favouring its translocation. The preservation of 200 elephants yields an annual net worth of 10,828 Zimbabwe dollars (196 US dollars) to CAMPFIRE households. However, the majority of households (62 percent) do not support elephant preservation. This is one argument against devolution of elephant conservation. External transfers constitute one way of providing additional economic incentives to local communities. Bibliogr., sum. [Journal abstract]