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Book Book Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Hydropolitical vulnerability and resilience along international waters: Africa
Author:United Nations Environment Programme
City of publisher:Nairobi
Publisher:United Nations Environment Programme
ISBN:9280725750; 9789280725759
Geographic term:Africa
Subjects:water resources
river basins
river basin organizations
water management
Abstract:Africa is unique among the developing world-regions in that all major rivers and freshwater lakes and aquifers on the continent are shared by two or more countries, and each country shares one or more freshwater bodies with its neighbours. The diversity of political, social and economic structures and organizations, and the highly varied spatial and temporal precipitation and distribution of water, make the hydropolitical climate in Africa very complex and vulnerable. A core assumption of the present report is that two components determine the hydropolitical vulnerability in a river basin or country: the rate of change in the hydrological system, and the institutional capacity to absorb and respond to that change. In Africa, three factors control both human and hydropolitical vulnerability: climate, poulation dynamics and socioeconomic conditions. Their relative influence depends on the geographic location of the international basin in question. At the same time, Africa is the leading developing-world continent where multiple region-wide and sub-regional entities now exist that cooperate to build hydropolitical resilience through sustainable management of their shared water resources. The appendices include details on African international freshwater agreements, river basin organizations and river basin commissions, and riparian country collaborations. Contributors: Aaron T. Wolf, Anthony Turton, Anton Earle, Daniel Malzbender, Peter J. Ashton, Arun Elhance, Halifa Drammeh, Salif Diop, Patrick M'mayi, Erika Henson, Martin Schaefer and Hanna Lindblom. [ASC Leiden abstract]