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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:The expulsion of Mary Calata: the disturbance at St. Matthews Missionary Institution, March 1945
Author:White, Tim
Periodical:Historia: amptelike orgaan
Geographic term:South Africa
Subjects:student strikes
Christian education
educational management
Anglican Church
African National Congress (South Africa)
Abstract:In March 1945 there was a student rebellion at St. Matthews, an Anglican college in the Eastern Cape, South Africa. The students were protesting against the Shepstonian system of authority which existed at the institution, whereby certain students had the power to control and discipline other students. This protest divided students into loyalists and rebels. The institutional authorities closed St. Matthews and expelled a large number of students. A committee of senior staff, which had been set up to probe this disturbance, produced a report which emphasized that many of the ringleaders were radicalized before coming to St. Matthews. However, there were also systemic failures within the institution itself. The case of one expelled student, Mary Calata, is highlighted. Her father, James Calata, was a senior member of the African National Congress and a senior black clergyman within the Anglican Church. He fought a campaign to have his daughter reinstated and this brought him into conflict with his bishop, Archibald Cullen. The Calata case teases out the tensions that often existed within the Church over the question of politics and religion. Ref., sum. in English and Afrikaans. [Journal abstract]