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Title:Challenges in understanding terrorism in Africa: a human security perspective
Author:Botha, AnneliISNI
Periodical:African Security Review
Geographic terms:world
human security
Abstract:An intelligent strategy based on the understanding of terrorism and related conditions conducive to the manifestation and threat of terrorism is essential to prevent and combat terrorism. Instead of a State-centric reactive approach, a proactive human security approach in addressing the underlying factors conducive to the spread of radicalization is essential. The underlying causes of terrorism can always be traced back to domestic grievances or circumstances of individuals. Terrorism must be studied as a symptom and not merely as a criminal act or an act of war. To understand terrorism in Africa, particular attention must be given to political conditions, notably the 'health' of the State and the political system, and the State's response to and strategies for preventing and combating terrorism, socioeconomic conditions, and communal security and feelings of marginalization. The most effective counterterrorism strategy is one that maintains a balance between a human security (soft) and a State-centric (hard) approach. This approach was particularly highlighted at the international level with the introduction of the UN Global Counter-Terrorism Strategy. The challenge to African countries is to appreciate and implement these principles in an environment where the relationship between the State and its citizens is often in question. Bibliogr., sum. (p. VI). [Journal abstract, edited]