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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:New light on the Pan-African Association: part I; part II
Authors:Colenso, GwilymISNI
Saunders, ChristopherISNI
Periodical:African Research and Documentation
Geographic term:Africa
About persons:Francis Ernest Colenso (1852-1910)ISNI
Henry Sylvester Williams (1869-1911)ISNI
Abstract:The Pan-African conference held in London in 1900 was a key moment in the early history of Pan-Africanism. Though the Pan African Association (PAA) that emerged from it was short lived, the conference was the precursor of subsequent Pan-African conferences or congresses, and it established the idea, basic to Pan-Africanism, of African people and people of African descent uniting globally and leading the movement for their own liberation. Earlier accounts have often identified the treasurer of the PAA as Robert John Colenso, the eldest son of Bishop Colenso of Natal (South Africa). Drawing on documents in the Colenso papers held at the Bodleian Library of Commonwealth and African Studies at Rhodes House in Oxford, this article shows that, contrary to these views, Robert Colenso did not play a prominent role in the PAA. His brother Frank was its treasurer. The first part of this article examines why this error occurred and discusses the role of Frank Colenso in the PAA. The second part deals with the role played by Frank Colenso in the dissolution of the PAA in 1901 while its secretary, Henry Sylvester Williams, was in the Caribbean. It also throws new light on the attempt by Williams to revive the organization. Notes, ref. [ASC Leiden abstract]