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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:The first 'white' town north of the Vaal: inequality and apartheid in Potchefstroom
Author:Jansen van Rensburg, FanieISNI
Periodical:New contree: a journal of historical and human sciences for Southern Africa
Geographic term:South Africa
urban society
race relations
Abstract:Potchefstroom, South Africa, was established in 1839 by white Afrikaans-speaking immigrants. The existence of the segregated residential area later to be named Willem Klopperville (also known as the 'native location', the 'coloured location', the 'old location' or Makweteng) dates back to the later 1880s. Although the 'black' and 'coloured' residents of Potchefstroom were the earliest inhabitants, their position in the 'white' town was precarious. Successive administrations placed drastic restrictions on their lives and they were tolerated only as the servants of white masters. The article focuses on the restrictions affecting 'coloureds' and 'natives', their forced removal to other areas on the grounds of residential segregation of 'races' or 'population groups', their social and historical invisibility, and the position of the Native Advisory Council 'for controlling and uplifting' them. In general, the white residents and local authorities of Potchefstroom were more politically conservative and racist than was 'expected' of them in terms of the national policy guidelines on the treatment of blacks prior to 1948. Even liberal whites were essentially paternalistic and condescending. Notes, ref., sum. in Afrikaans. [ASC Leiden abstract]