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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:The influence of politics on the formulation and implementation of national policies on education in South Africa from 1953 to the present
Author:Maile, Simon
Periodical:New contree: a journal of historical and human sciences for Southern Africa
Geographic term:South Africa
Subject:educational policy
Abstract:South Africa's Bantu Education Act No. 47 of 1953 exemplifies the influence of politics on the formulation and implementation of education policy. The Act was a means to enforce separate development in education. It had a conserving drive and was concerned with preserving the status quo and Afrikaner power. The progressive or creative drive emanating from the general resistance to apartheid succeeded in taking power in 1994. The advent of democracy does not mean that voices of dissent no longer exist. The policy formulation process now involves all parties. The legislative process comprises a number of steps, which may begin with a discussion document, or Green Paper, followed by a more refined discussion document, or White Paper, and then the drafting of a Bill and its introduction in parliament, where it can be passed or rejected. Policy is implemented by the public service or statutory bodies. Perfect implementation of education policy may be unattainable due to a variety of reasons, including availability of the required combination of resources, agreement on objectives, communication and coordination, and validity of the policy's underlying cause-effect relationship. Note, ref., sum. in Afrikaans. [ASC Leiden abstract]