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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:The Ethiopian State and the future of the Oromo: the struggle for 'self-rule' and 'shared rule'
Author:Gudina, MereraISNI
Year:2008
Periodical:The journal of Oromo studies
Volume:15
Issue:1
Pages:113-137
Language:English
Geographic term:Ethiopia
Subjects:political history
federalism
Oromo
self-determination
government policy
nationalism
Abstract:In present-day Ethiopia, democratization in a manner that ensures both 'self-rule' for the nations and nationalities and 'shared rule' at the federal level has failed. The Oromo region is a case in point of the degree of failure of the Ethiopian regime's policies and the continued struggle for genuine autonomy and democracy on the part of the local population. This paper first assesses the historical processes that made the 'making' of modern Ethiopia possible in order to trace the genesis of the country's perennial political challenges. It then discusses the development of modern Oromo nationalism and the Ethiopian government's responses to the question of nationalities in order to show how the national question was radicalized and morphed into a demand for secession. Next, the paper argues that the Ethiopian People's Revolutionary Democratic Front's (EPRDF) top-down approach, centralization drive and hegemonic aspiration, have impeded the process of democratization and the demand for self-rule. Bibliogr., notes, ref. [ASC Leiden abstract]
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