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Title:The climate security divide: bridging human and national security in Africa
Author:Garcia, DeniseISNI
Periodical:African Security Review
Geographic term:Africa
Subjects:human security
national security
climate change
Abstract:Climate change threatens not only the security of a State but the security of communities or entire portions of a State's population. It is therefore a risk to both national and human security. The advent of nuclear weapons has dramatically changed international relations in the 20th century and modified security relations amongst nations. Now climate change processes are redefining security in the 21st century. The security implications for Africa are the most dramatic and urgent. This paper explores the climate divide produced by climate change processes, particularly with regard to consequences of and effects on national and human security. To complement this analysis, two areas of security are examined, the first being the relationship between climate change and conflict and the second the security stressors - including the impact of HIV/AIDS and the excessive availability of arms - in Africa that compound climate change and imperil security. In conclusion, the climate change scenario in Africa is linked to the pursuit of energy, conservation of forests and resolution of conflicts. The author also situates the African challenges in the multilateral processes of climate change. Bibliogr., sum. (p. V). [Journal abstract, edited]