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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:How black farm workers become land and business owners: actors, resources, contexts and outcomes of black empowerment projects in the South African wine industry
Author:Schweitzer, Erwin
Year:2008
Periodical:Stichproben - Vienna Journal of African Studies
Volume:8
Issue:15
Pages:31-53
Language:English
Geographic term:South Africa
Subjects:empowerment
agricultural workers
Blacks
wine
External link:http://stichproben.univie.ac.at/fileadmin/user_upload/p_stichproben/Artikel/Nummer15/Nr15_Schweitzer.pdf
Abstract:Since the dawn of democracy in 1994, the South African wine industry has been characterized by profound economic and political changes as well as continuities with its past, rooted in slavery, apartheid and paternalism. In this context Black farm workers, whose labour built the foundation of a prosperous agricultural industry, still belong to the most marginalized groups in postapartheid society. A number of State and non-State actors, however, attempt to improve the economic and social positions of farm workers in South Africa. This paper deals with one type of initiatives that aim to accomplish this goal, viz. Black Empowerment projects, which are based on partnerships between White farmers, farm worker communities and complex networks of actors, ranging from State agencies to NGOs, international organizations, businesses and private individuals. The mobilization of these actors and their resources allows farm workers to become land and business owners and in the process to acquire other economic, educational and symbolic benefits. While these projects demonstrate how marginalized Black farm workers can become farmers, they also show a series of shortcomings - first and foremost that the 'new Black farmers' do not obtain real autonomy. Bibliogr., notes, ref., sum. in English and German. [Journal abstract]
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