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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Water procurement and the environment: a comparative history of South Africa's Nandoni and De Hoop dams 1994-2007
Authors:Tempelhoff, EliseISNI
Tempelhoff, Johann W.N.ISNI
Year:2007
Periodical:New contree: a journal of historical and human sciences for Southern Africa
Issue:53
Pages:31-53
Language:English
Geographic term:South Africa
Subjects:dams
water management
Abstract:Large dam construction projects need to find a balance between the impact on the natural environment and local populations. The De Hoop dam project in the catchment of the Olifants River in Gauteng and Mpumalanga, and the Nandoni dam project in the Luvhuvhu River catchment, both form part of the larger Limpopo River catchment and have an effect on the water supply from feeder rivers into the Kruger National Park. Both projects are in rural regions where impoverished communities stand a chance to benefit from the developments. Besides these similarities there are a number of clear differences. In the case of the Nandoni dam there was comprehensive consultation, in particular with the affected communities. This was not the case with the De Hoop dam at the outset. The Nandoni dam was from the outset intended for community development purposes, while a substantial part of the proposed De Hoop project is intended for platinum mining. The De Hoop project has been accompanied by problems and controversies, while the Nandoni dam project was popular from the start. The two projects illustrate the need for integrated resource management of rivers in order to serve the interests of a major nature reserve (Kruger National Park), as well as to work in the interests of development and the eradication of poverty in rural South Africa. Notes, ref., sum. in Afrikaans. [ASC Leiden abstract]
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