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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Die Bahurutshe van die Marico (Ramotshere Moiloa-distrik): stryd teen blanke oorheersing, 1852-1916
Author:Oosthuizen, Gerhard J.J.ISNI
Year:2007
Periodical:New contree: a journal of historical and human sciences for Southern Africa
Issue:54
Pages:31-49
Language:Afrikaans
Geographic term:South Africa
Subjects:Hurutshe
history
colonial administration
Abstract:The early history of the Bahurutshe cannot be determined without using a combination of oral tradition, archaeological evidence and written documentation. The Sotho-Tswana moved into the Trans-Vaal area of South Africa in three big migration waves, probably between 1300 and 1500. The Bahurutshe-Bakwena grouping was the last and also the most significant wave. They initially settled in the present Rustenburg-Brits vicinity. By around 1450-1480 the Bahurutshe separated from the Bakwena and gradually settled in the central part of the Marico district. The tense relationships between the white burghers/government and the Bahurutshe in the Zuid-Afrikaansche Republiek (1852-1899) are discussed. This era was marked by the dismantling of the Bahurutshe authority, land issues, native tax, increasing state control and native labour. The article next deals with the participation of the Bahurutshe in the South African War (1899-1902), both on the side of the Boers and on the side of the British. The subsequent period of the Transvaal Crown Colony (1902-1909) was especially marred by labour issues, increased poll taxes and the controversial 'dual administration'. Lastly, the focus is on the influence which the Native Land Act of 1913 and the 1916 Beaumont Land Commission had on the Bahurutshe. Ref., sum. in English, text in Afrikaans. [Journal abstract]
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