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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Foundations of a State in Oromia: applying 'gadaa' principles in the twenty first century
Author:Jalata, AsafaISNI
Periodical:The journal of Oromo studies
Geographic term:Ethiopia
State formation
political systems
Abstract:This paper first explores the process of State formation in historic Oromia to identify the essence and characteristics of 'gadaa' (Oromo democracy) and the 'moottii' (kingdom) system. Second, it focuses on explaining the impacts of global imperialism, Ethiopian colonialism, and the role of the Oromo clientele class on the process of State formation in Oromia. Third, the paper demonstrates the immediate challenges to the re-creation of an Oromo State whose sovereignty is either exclusive or shared with other peoples that accept the principles of national self-determination, the rule of law, and multinational democracy. Fourth, it demonstrates why, in Oromia and beyond, the refining and adapting of certain 'gadaa' principles to the process of State formation is necessary for the construction of a democratic government. Finally, the paper illustrates the urgency of developing an Oromo national assembly, a national 'Gumii Oromiyaa', patterned after the 'Gumii Gayyo' in southern Oromia so as to transform the unwritten Oromo constitutional order into a written one. The purpose is to revitalize the Oromo national movement with the goals of defeating Ethiopian colonialism and the Oromo clientele class and forming a democratic State to achieve national sovereignty, security, and sustainable socioeconomic development. Bibliogr., notes, ref. [ASC Leiden abstract]