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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Farmers in socio-economic diversification in Nyeri Division?
Author:Mbataru Nyambari, Patrick
Periodical:Les cahiers d'outre-mer
Geographic term:Kenya
Subjects:crop diversification
small farms
Abstract:This article outlines diversification efforts by stakeholders in the coffee chain in Nyeri Division, Kenya. After the collapse of the coffee industry in the late 1980s, Kenyan producers largely shifted to other crops. This is referred to as horizontal diversification, as compared to vertical diversification, where value is added to a product. The author carried out research in the area to investigate how farmers diversified, to what products or activities, the extent of diversification and the obstacles to horizontal diversification. He found that all former coffee producers now cultivate about five different crops. Although the strategy to diversify horizontally varied from region to region, a large percentage of farmers practise so-called 'pluriculture', i.e. getting income from as diverse farm sources as possible. The most common new crops were vegetables, macadamia nuts, and tomatoes. The two main factors influencing diversification towards horticulture were water and initial capital. There are also signs of a radical disengagement from coffee farming and a shift to commercial dairy farming, and khat (or miraa), vanilla, and fruit (apple, avocado, passion fruit) production. Bibliogr., sum. in English and French. [ASC Leiden abstract]