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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:The pre-colonial political history of BaKgatla ba ga Mmanaana of Botswana, c. 1600-1881
Author:Matemba, Yonah Hisbon
Periodical:Botswana Notes and Records (ISSN 0525-5090)
Notes:biblio. refs.
Geographic terms:Botswana
South Africa
Southern Africa
precolonial period
political history
Peoples of Africa (Ethnic Groups)
History and Exploration
Politics and Government
History, Archaeology
Kgatla (African people)
External link:https://www.jstor.org/stable/40980339
Abstract:The term BaKgatla describes all Kgatla groups in Botswana and South Africa. In Botswana there are two Kgatla groups, BaKgatla ba ga Mmanaana and BaKgatla ba ga Kgafela. When the name BaKgatla is mentioned in Botswana, people usually think of Kgafela. Even in the historical literature, the name BaKgatla is used, erroneously, to mean Kgafela. Mmanaana and Kgafela were actually one group until a split over succession at the start of the 1700s. They subsequently migrated to Botswana from South Africa, but at different times and each under its own chiefs. Using oral, archival and secondary sources, the present author presents an account of early Mmanaana political history, dealing in turn with Kgatla origins in South Africa, c.1600-1690; the emergence of Mmanaana, c. 1700-1799; arrival in Botswana, 1800-1826; contact with missionaries and Boers, 1835-1853; settlement at Moshupa, 1863; and the 'bogosi' (chiefship) crisis, 1870-1876. Bibliogr., ref. [ASC Leiden abstract]