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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:The 'Hani Memorandum': introduced and annotated
Author:Macmillan, HughISNI
Periodical:Transformation: Critical Perspectives on Southern Africa
Geographic terms:Southern Africa
South Africa
Subjects:African National Congress (South Africa)
national liberation struggles
About person:Chris Thembisile Hani (1942-1993)ISNI
Abstract:The 'Hani Memorandum' was produced and signed early in 1969 by Chris Hani and six other members of Umkhonto we Sizwe (MK), the armed wing of the African National Congress (ANC), following the failure of the Wankie and Sipolilo campaigns launched from Rhodesia and Zambia in the offensive against South Africa. The document is frequently cited but there appears to be no complete copy in a public archive. Despite the unavailability of the memorandum, it continues to be cited for political purposes and it is still influential 40 years after its production. Many of the issues that it raised in relation to democratic decisionmaking, accountability, class divisions within the ANC, nepotism, corruption, and draconian discipline remained live issues throughout the exile period and are still relevant today. The memorandum is reproduced here, preceded by an outline of the circumstances surrounding its drafting and the reactions it provoked, including the calling of an ANC national consultative conference at Morogoro in Tanzania in 1969. Bibliogr., notes, ref. [ASC Leiden abstract]