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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:A survey of race relations in Botswana, 1800-1966
Author:Makgala, Christian JohnISNI
Periodical:Botswana Notes and Records (ISSN 0525-5090)
Notes:biblio. refs.
Geographic terms:Botswana
Southern Africa
Subjects:race relations
Imperialism, Colonialism
Race discrimination
External link:https://www.jstor.org/stable/40980356
Abstract:Contact between Batswana and Europeans began around 1800, and with Asians/Indians towards the end of the nineteenth and the beginning of the twentieth century. In the early decades, European missionaries and traders helped Tswana 'dikgosi' (rulers) run tribal affairs and were amenable to chiefly authority and, by and large, were also cooperative. With the establishment of a formal colonial administration in Bechuanaland (present-day Botswana) in 1885 came institutionalized racial discrimination. This was felt in almost every sphere of life: public service, public facilities, liquor laws, the administration of justice, and the provision of social amenities such as education. While there were instances where ordinary people were racially tolerant, it was only after World War II that the colonial government, under international pressure and campaigns by Africans, began desegregating the law and public facilities.This was done through a multiracial select committee on racial discrimination between 1962 and 1963. The formation of political parties helped speed up the movement towards independence in 1966 and the elimination of official racial discrimination. Bibliogr., sum. [Journal abstract, edited]