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Title:The new ECOWAS strategy for conflict resolution: a case study of Côte d'Ivoire
Author:Alli, W.O.
Periodical:Nigerian Journal of International Affairs
Geographic term:Ivory Coast - Côte d'Ivoire
Subjects:conflict resolution
civil wars
Abstract:The Côte d'Ivoire conflict which erupted in 2002 is the first major test for the Protocol Relating to the Mechanism for Conflict Prevention, Management, Resolution, Peacekeeping and Security, adopted by ECOWAS in 1999. The tranquility of this once relatively prosperous and stable West African State was shattered by a succession crisis which quickly degenerated into a war that saw the nation divided into two halves, one controlled by the government and another by the rebels. ECOWAS immediately activated the provisions of the Mechanism, convened an emergency meeting of heads of State and government, set up a High-level Contact Group, established contact with the rebels and tried to restore normalcy. But these efforts did not yield the desired results, even with the intervention of the African Union, the international community and the United Nations. Several factors are responsible for this failure, including the lack of commitment to the resolution of the crisis by the protagonists, the appeasement strategy which offers a lot of carrots to the insurgents, and the inadequacy of the Mechanism and the weak capacity of ECOWAS to manage and resolve the conflict. Ref., sum. [Journal abstract]