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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Reclaiming the Bakassi Kingdom: the anglophone Cameroon-Nigeria border
Authors:Sama, Molem ChristopherISNI
Johnson-Ross, Debora
Year:2005
Periodical:Afrika Zamani: revue annuelle d'histoire africaine = Annual Journal of African History (ISSN 0850-3079)
Issue:13-14
Pages:117-136
Language:English
Notes:biblio. refs.
Geographic terms:Cameroon
Nigeria
West Africa
Subjects:boundary conflicts
negotiation
conflict resolution
History, Archaeology
Bakasi Peninsula (Cameroon)--History
Cameroon--Boundaries--Nigeria
Nigeria--Boundaries--Cameroon
Abstract:The Bakassi peninsula has been a continuous bone of contention between Cameroon and Nigeria since independence. The indigenous population of the region has never accepted the existence of colonial boundaries. Regular border skirmishes raised international attention in the 1990s when the two sides became involved in a protracted war over the sovereignty of the peninsula, an area rich in oil reserves. Cameroon filed a case with the International Court of Justice in 1998, which resulted in a decision in its favour in 2002. But the ICJ ruling was rejected by Nigeria, which prompted Kofi Annan, in his role as Secretary General of the United Nations, to engage in intensive diplomatic discussions with both parties. These finally resulted in 2006 in the implementation of a four-year resolution process to clearly define the borders and ensure the territorial sovereignty of both States. At the level of the community, however, the population has yet to accept the existence of what they feel are colonial boundaries. The article describes the border conflict from the international perspective, from the perspectives of the two States, and from the perspective of the local population. It demonstrates the impact of Western-constructed boundaries on ethno-cultural affinities in Africa. App., bibliogr., note, sum. in English and French. [Journal abstract, edited]
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