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Book Book Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue
Title:Natural resources and local livelihoods in the Great Lakes Region of Africa: a political economy perspective
Editors:Ansoms, AnISNI
Marysse, StefaanISNI
Year:2011
Pages:265
Language:English
City:Basingstoke
Publisher:Palgrave Macmillan
ISBN:0230290256; 9780230290259
Geographic terms:Great Lakes region
Burundi
Congo (Democratic Republic of)
Rwanda
Subjects:land tenure
livelihoods
mining
Abstract:The Great Lakes Region of Africa (Democratic Republic of Congo, Burundi and Rwanda) is now emerging from a period of turmoil caused by domestic and external factors. Traditional coping strategies succumbed to the harsh realities of war but with the signing of the Sun City peace agreements in 2003, the struggles officially ended and a period of fairly constantly challenged reconstruction began.The first part of this book, Land relations and local livelihoods in the Great Lakes Region, contains 7 essays by An Ansoms, Klara Claessens, Innocent Utshudi Ona (South Kivu), Joost van Puijenbroek (Ituri), Inge Wagemakers, Oracle Makangu Diki (Kinshasa), Dominik Kohlhagen (Burundi) and Margot Leegwater (Rwanda), which deal with challenges arising from land relations and local livelihoods. The three major areas of contention are: competition for land caused by demographic pressure, natural resource degradation and growing commercial demand; discussions about land rights in societies recently subjected to considerable violence leading to social disruption and population displacements; an agricultural sector constantly faced with large-scale investors wanting to acquire land for commercial exploitation. The second part of the book, Mineral resources and local livelihoods in the Great Lakes Region, has 5 essays by Sara Geenen (South Kivu), Dan Fahey (Kilo Belt), Jeroen Cuvelier (Katanga) and Stefaan Marysse, which discuss the ambiguities in the relationship between mining and development, specifically in the DRC. The current situation there supports the hypothesis that mineral resources are a curse, leading to conflict/war. Nevertheless, there has been some improvement, suggesting theoretically that they can provide wealth and income beyond that garnered by warlords and international commercial interests. [ASC Leiden abstract]
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