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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:And they are still targeting: assessing the effectiveness of targeted sanctions against Zimbabwe
Author:Grebe, JanISNI
Periodical:Africa Spectrum
Geographic terms:Zimbabwe
United States
European Union
External link:https://journals.sub.uni-hamburg.de/giga/afsp/article/view/246
Abstract:Targeted sanctions, defined as the selective use of sanction measures with the intention to minimize unintended negative humanitarian impact by specifically targeting single persons, have been extensively used by States throughout history to achieve political objectives. This article examines the European Union's and United States' targeted sanctions against the Zimbabwean regime, which have been in place since 2002. The central thesis of the article is that the sanctions are not effective and thus have failed to achieve the political objectives of both the European Union and the United States. Numerous violations of the travel ban and the financial restrictions have undermined the general effectiveness of the sanctions. A detailed analysis of each individual measure empirically supports the argument that the ineffectiveness of the sanctions has negatively influenced the achievement of the political objectives. In addition, by taking a closer look at Risa Brooks' theory on the relationship between the type of sanction and the type of regime it is used against, and discussing it in regards to the sanctions against Zimbabwe, attention is drawn to the question of how to target authoritarian regimes. Bibliogr., notes, ref., sum. in English and German. [Journal abstract]